The report says that growth in global Carbon dioxide emissions could put the Paris Agreement goal of keeping the global rise in temperatures to within 2 degree Celsius of pre-industrial times "in jeopardy".
Lead researcher Corinne Le Quéré, Professor of Climate Change Science and Policy at UEA, said in a statement: "We are seeing a strong growth of global Carbon dioxide emissions once again".
"It is not enough to support renewables", she added. "Investment in electric vehicles needs to expand".
These findings come from the 2018 Global Carbon Budget (GCB), published on Wednesday by the Global Carbon Project in the journals Nature, Environmental Research Letters and Earth System Science Data. "But global energy growth, especially in oil, gas and coal, is effectively outpacing de-carbonisation efforts, fuelled by rising coal use and increasing demand for personal transport, freight, aviation and shipping", it said.
The U.N. chief chided countries, particularly those most responsible for greenhouse gas emissions, for failing to do enough to meet the goals of the Paris climate accord.
"Even as we witness devastating climate impacts causing havoc across the world, we are still not doing enough, nor moving fast enough, to prevent irreversible and catastrophic climate disruption", Guterres said.
"While there has been positive progress on clean energy and electric vehicles, this is now too small to impact the onward march of fossil fuels".
The almost 200 nations that signed up to the 2015 Paris climate deal must this month finalise a rulebook to limit global temperature rises to well below 2°C, and to the safer cap of 1.5°C if possible.
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Attenborough said: "Right now we are facing a manmade disaster of global scale, our greatest threat in thousands of years: climate change". These regions represent 40 per cent of global carbon emissions.
Oil and gas use have grown nearly unabated over the last decade. "Now we're seeing a return to a trajectory of increased emissions, that's largely driven by Asia essentially".
For the US, it was a combination of a hot summer and cold winter that required more electricity use for heating and cooling.
USA emissions are expected to resume their downward trend in 2019 as cheap gas, wind and solar power continue to displace coal.
- India's emissions have grown about 6.3 per cent, with coal, oil and gas all seeing an increase as the economy grows, although wind and solar are also on the rise.
Some scientists expressed frustration with the pace of change.
Trying to bring down carbon emissions from human activity is a central goal of the Paris Agreement due to the acknowledgement by experts this is what accelerates climate change, according to CNN.
"If this is the most important issue of our time, as leaders repeatedly say, then why aren't they acting accordingly - and showing up for the climate talks?", he said.
"It's time to grow up and smell the coffee".