It will also perform radio-astronomical studies that, because the far side always faces away from Earth, will be "free from interference from our planet's ionosphere, human-made radio frequencies and auroral radiation noise", space industry expert Leonard David wrote on the website Space.com.
The Chang'e 4 robotic probe, the first artifact to touch down on the moon's far side, was lifted atop a Long March 3B carrier rocket at 2:23 am Beijing time at the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwestern China's Sichuan province, according to a statement from the China National Space Administration.
The lander-rover will also use its Lunar Penetrating Radar (LPR), one of the eight scientific payloads on board that were described in the paper, to sample the lunar surface and what lies directly beneath.
Communication with the far side of the moon is hard as it is always facing away from the Earth.
"She's heading to a place that has a special importance for the study of the moon". The other face, most of which can not be seen from earth, is called the far side or dark side, not because it's dark, but because most of it remains unknown.
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The satellite has successfully entered a halo orbit around the second Lagrangian (L2) point of the earth-moon system, about 455,000 km from the earth.
The lander will conduct the first lunar low-frequency radio astronomy experiment, observe whether plants will grow in the low-gravity environment, and explore whether there is water or other resources at the poles.
Chang'e-2, launched in 2010, created a full lunar map with a resolution of 7 meters, as well as images of the Sinus Iridum, or the Bay of Rainbows, with a resolution of 1.5 meters, showing the details of the proposed landing site of Chang'e-3.
Model of Chang'e moon lander.
The launch of the spacecraft called Chang'e-4 was the next step China program.
In anticipation of the launch, China sent their Queqiao relay satellite into space this past May. Its program also suffered a rare setback past year with the dialed launch of its Long March 5 rocket.