During a lunar eclipse, the Moon appears red because the light of the Sun no longer directly illuminates it, since Earth is passing in between the Moon and Sun.
The blood moon's red hue is the result of sunlight traveling through the Earth's dusty, polluted atmosphere, Fazekas said.
During the eclipse, the Moon will still be visible, but in a shade of red.
Totality lasts for about an hour, and then the moon will exit the partial eclipse phase at 1:51 a.m. EST Monday morning.
Here are five things to know about the eclipse. Fazekas said this will make the moon appear approximately 16 per cent brighter and about 13 per cent larger in the sky. Hartigan works at Rice University in Texas. Such a moon has come to be called a supermoon.
And unlike solar eclipses, the lunar eclipse is safe to view with the naked eye or binoculars.
A CST timelapse of the total lunar eclipse from Chicago
To get the full effect of this natural rarity, you might think you need to get out into the Dales, away from the bright lights of Bradford, to witness it in its full magnificence.
"It really will be quite impressive", he said. Lunar eclipses are dramatic events when viewed from here on Earth.
The full moon is seen as it rises near the Lincoln Memorial, Saturday, 19 March 2011, in Washington. The light that does get around the surface is mostly reddish-orange, and projects against the moon to give it the appearance of being that color.
Next chance for Americans to see a total lunar eclipse is 2022.
"If you miss both of these, and you want a supermoon, and you want it to be in the early evening, you're going to have to wait until 2050", Hartigan said. Total lunar eclipses occur when the moon moves into alignment with the sun and earth. This means each eclipse is essentially identical to others that have occurred previously.
Now, let's take that name one word at a time. This particular eclipse is even more special than usual, as the Moon will be a tad closer to us than it normally is. The first part of the eclipse will take place at 10:34PM ET / 7:34PM PT, leading up to the full blood moon coloration appearing at 12:12AM ET.More news: Liz Cheney Slams Trump Admin. Proposal to Lift Certain Russian Sanctions