Black holes are formed when huge stars collapse at the end of their life cycle, but because they do not allow light to escape, it can be hard to see them. "The shape is the shadow of the black hole", said Patrick Das Gupta, professor at Delhi University's department of physics and astrophysics. Trying to capture an object that has a gravitational pull so powerful that not only light can escape would intimidate many, but the Event Horizon Team worked tirelessly for years to make this historic breakthrough. The event horizon stretches about the breadth of our solar system.
The incredible feat confirms a key pillar of science - Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity. If the images had not conformed to the theory and the shadow was not spherical, it would have meant that Einstein's theory was not correct.
"Christopher Nolan omitted that brightening because the human eye would likely not be able to discern the brightness differences on the two sides of the hole when the overall brightness is so extreme", Kip Thorne, Cal Tech physicist and advisor on the film Interstellar, told Gizmodo. That's because that light is approaching Earth. "The image in Interstellar is nearly correct", Kazunori Akiyama, postdoctoral researcher at the MIT Haystack Observatory who led the team that created the EHT's image, explained to Gizmodo. "Making it these warm gold and oranges makes sense".
It's surrounded by a swirling disc of gas, which gets superheated and emits bright radio waves as it accelerates towards the event horizon - getting very, very close to the speed of light.
KUALA LUMPUR, April 11 ― Kevin Koay Jun Yi from Penang has the distinction of being among the first team of global scientists to have captured the first image of a black hole ― an astronomical achievement that is making waves worldwide since its release yesterday. Scientists like UA's CK Chan adapted GPU's-graphics hardware for high end video games to turn data into pictures.More news: Liverpool's Sadio Mane Wins Premier League Award For March
"I think it looks very convincing", said Andrea Ghez, director of the UCLA Galactic Center Group, who wasn't part of the discovery team. "To see the stuff going down the tubes, so to speak, to see it firsthand".
A scene from "Interstellar" was thought to be the most realistic movie depiction ever of a black hole. "That mystique is going to be made more real".
"Imaging a black hole is just the beginning of our effort to develop new tools that will enable us to interpret the massively complex data that nature gives us", Psaltis added. "Einstein right again - wouldn't he have loved to see this". What you're actually looking at is the fact that M87's black hole is probably spinning. One light year is 5.9 trillion miles, or 9.5 trillion kilometers.
The black hole is said to be an inconceivable 6.5 billion times bigger than the sun and is in a galaxy called M87.
Scientists from Harvard, MIT, Boston University and around the world on Wednesday announced they have managed to take a snapshot of one of the still-mysterious interstellar objects using data collected by the Event Horizon Telescope.